Big encyclopedia “Medicinal plants & Herbs and their uses”.
Medicinal plants are wild and cultivated plants used for the prevention and treatment of human and animal diseases. The herbal medicine system is called herbal medicine.
Pharmacognosy is one of the main pharmaceutical sciences that studies medicinal raw materials of plant and animal origin and products of processing of such raw materials.
Phytochemistry is a science that studies the chemical composition of plants. The tasks of phytochemistry are the creation of highly effective medicinal preparations based on substances of plant origin and environmentally friendly plant protection products.
Medicinal herbs contain at least one substance with medicinal properties. This substance or substances are often unevenly distributed throughout the tissues and parts of the plant. Therefore, when collecting medicinal herbs, you need to know where the beneficial elements are concentrated and at what period of plant development their concentration is maximum.
The main ways of using raw materials of medicinal plants: production of medicines for internal and external use. Inside apply: infusion, decoction, hydroalcoholic, oil extracts (tincture, extracts) from medicinal plant materials or fees. Juice is obtained from the juicy fresh parts of plants. Less commonly, powder from dried medicinal plant materials is used in medicine. For external use: herbal bath, body wrap, lotion, compress.
Garlic (lat. Állium satívum) is a popular vegetable crop with a pungent taste and characteristic odor. The cloves of garlic are eaten (raw or cooked as a seasoning). Leaves, arrows and flower stalks are also edible, used mainly in young plants. Garlic is widely used in medicine for its antiseptic effect.
Eucalyptus oil is used for inhalation for respiratory diseases and for rubbing with neuralgia and rheumatic pains. Decoction and infusion of the leaves are used as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic.
Licorice (Latin Glycyrrhíza) is used in the treatment of respiratory diseases. It has mucolytic (thinning phlegm) and antitussive action.
Preparations from sage leaves and flowers have a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, hemostatic, emollient, diuretic effect, reduce sweating.
In folk medicine, a decoction of thermopsis herb is widely used for influenza, bronchitis, catarrh of the respiratory tract, pneumonia.
The use of dill enhances the secretion of the digestive glands, the motility of the digestive tract, increases appetite, and helps to normalize the metabolism in the body. It is advisable to use dill greens in the diet for obesity, liver disease, gall bladder, kidney, anacid gastritis, flatulence.
Motherwort is a valuable medicinal plant and is widely used in both traditional and scientific medicine as a sedative similar to valerian preparations, as well as an effective remedy for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases, for the treatment of epilepsy, Graves’ disease, thrombosis, gastrointestinal diseases.
Onions contain a significant amount of mineral salts and contribute to the normalization of water-salt metabolism in the body, and a peculiar smell and pungent taste stimulate the appetite.
Ginseng stimulates the central nervous system, increases blood pressure, mental and physical performance. Reduces the content of cholesterol and glucose in the blood, activates the activity of the adrenal glands.
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